If We Can’t Touch,
How Do We Teach?
This global pandemic is requiring everyone to think and to act differently.
Sadly, some of the things we have to do to keep safe are the very things
that will continue to make it even tougher for us to earn a living.
(Especially if you’ve never had quite enough students to begin with)
What Can You Do Now To Assure Your
Livelihood Going Forward?
How To Really
Teach A.T. Online
An Introduction to:
The First Alexander Technique Teacher Training Path
Developed Specifically For Online Teaching!
Hi…I’m Mio Morales. I’m an Alexander teacher/trainer who trained with Dr. Frank Pierce Jones from 1972-1975 and Marjorie Barstow from 1972-1993.
Since 2005, I’ve been teaching & training Alexander teachers using a unique approach to the Alexander Technique developed to address the specific limitations & possibilities inherent in online teaching.
PrimalAlexander™ (P.A.) is a step-by-step teaching system informed by Alexander’s ‘Evolution of a Technique’, the work of Dr. Frank Pierce Jones, Marjorie Barstow’s work & my more than 3,000 hours of research into online teaching & training.
It’s a comprehensive, hands-free, distance teaching method that’s already proving to be of tremendous benefit to a growing community of Alexander teachers hailing from a wide variety of training backgrounds.
“How To Really Teach A.T. Online” is my 12 week entry level training for Alexander teachers serious about learning an authentic, non-compromising comprehensive way to teach the Alexander Technique, online or in person, without any hands-on guidance
It’s Level 1 of TheCoachingClub™, my post-graduate training program for Alexander teachers looking to reach, teach and keep more new students using the internet both as a teaching and marketing medium.
This course will erase any doubts you may have about the effectiveness of online teaching because you will be able to see for yourself the effect it has upon you and your students.
“How To Really Teach A.T. Online” will build your confidence in the power of online teaching and will provide you with the skills & strategies needed to teach powerful Alexander lessons without having to use your hands.
Here are some of the things you can look forward to learning…
- How to facilitate a new student’s head neck reflex without hands-on
- How to accurately observe the quality of someone’s Use on a screen
- Movement studies that will improve a student’s use between classes sessions.
- A blueprint for a 45 minute private online lesson
- How use your voice to induce ease in a student
- How to teach groups online
- How to begin marketing yourself as an online A.T. Teacher
What is Primal Alexander?
Primal Alexander™ is a step by step approach to teaching The Alexander Technique that focuses on teaching students how to experiment with their thinking and their movement in a way that leads to improved Use and is reminiscent of the process Alexander himself used.
By applying a different kind of directing and a graduated series of self-study “études”, Primal Alexander™ provides students and teachers with a straight forward, easy to follow blueprint for improvement and empowerment.
P.A. is a self-healing process that uses Inhibition & self-observation to create a gap between the stimulus to act and our response.
In that gap, timely constructive thinking allows our native movement intelligence to preempt our habitual way of moving while it reinforces the neural pathways that lead to better Use at that moment and in the future.
Three of the assets within Primal Alexander™ that any Alexander teacher can immediately take advantage of will be the focus of this course. They are:
- An awareness process called 3EasyQuestions™,
- A collection of home-study activities called TheÉtudes™ &
- A mindframe called ThePrimaryConcern™
3EasyQuestions™ is my approach to teaching constructive conscious control. It’s based on the simple discovery that when a person directs their attention to places of relative ease in their body, the head/neck reflex is facilitated.
Here’s how it works:
When exploring the possibility of easier movement, after inhibiting, in the gap between stimulus and response, instead of traditional orders or directing, you quickly assess these three things about yourself in sequence:
- Where you’re currently noticing places of relative ease,
- What effect is noticing that ease having on your general Use and functioning and lastly…
- How that effect is changing as you begin to engage in your activity.
This gentle, but focused curiosity about the ease you’re currently experiencing shifts your attention in a way that circumvents your usual habit patterns.
It facilitates the Primary Control which reorganizes your movement on the fly, allowing you to perform the activity with increased ease.
As a form of Constructive Thinking, 3EasyQuestions™ allows the actual direction to come from the natural adaptive response of your nervous system.
You make a conscious choice to direct your attention to ease and then stand back and notice what happens. This prevents you from imposing a habitual feeling-based concept of forward, up, head, neck or body upon the process.
3EasyQuestions™ is a new take on constructive conscious control that is so easy to implement it can be taught to a brand new student in a first lesson.
In the hands of a teacher, it also becomes a potent self-healing tool that reveals and erodes deep habitual patterns that tend to be imperceptible & therefore impenetrable.
TheÉtudes™ are the “lightweight” home study activities that students do for a few minutes every day. They form the practice material they use to actualize what they are learning in the group class.
Like the Études in classical music pedagogy, these are studies; opportunities for students to learn specific skills in a simplified, focused setting. When done regularly the Études…
- Give students a simple way to practice directing
- Keep them engaged with their studies between lessons.
- Empower them in their own learning
- Provide a way of facilitating the Primary Control on their own.
- Give them a way to improve their Use whenever they want.
- Teach Inhibition, Non-doing and Directing quickly.
- Improve their sensory appreciation.
- Develop the awareness they’ll need to apply the Technique in any activity.
The foundational concept that underlies all of PrimalAlexander I call “The Primary Concern”. It is the root formulation of the self-experimental process that Alexander pioneered. The Primary Concern takes the form of the question:
What’s happening to my Use as I _____?
(any activity can be put in that blank)
When you can ask and answer that question a few times during an activity, you’ve begun to “think in activity”. It’s the key to understanding how the “end” you’re trying to gain is affecting the way you’re using yourself. Namely, how the manner in which you are doing things NOW is affecting your present and future ability to function efficiently (the “means whereby”).
Asking that question brings the “end” and the “means whereby” into the same frame so that you’re able view the changes in each simultaneously.
That way, when the way you’re doing something begins to interfere with your coordination, you become aware of it and have a chance to make a change.
That’s the bigger picture of how the Études function in Primal Alexander. Through consistent daily practice, they quickly teach a student the value of “thinking in activity” and a simple way to do it.
The Experimental Process
“A new field of practical
experimentation on the
living human being”
The above quote is from the beginning of “The Use of the Self”; it’s Alexander’s description of his work . In my opinion, the key to getting the most out of Alexander’s discoveries is to follow him, as best we can, down that road of self-experimenting.
Primal Alexander™is a step by step systematic learning and teaching process designed to help you to improve your own Use by teaching you, first and foremost, how to EXPERIMENT!
That is, how to use movement, experimentation, observation and desire for change as the means whereby one can systematically improve the quality of one’s own Use of themselves.
By applying a different kind of directing and a graduated series of self-study “études”, Primal Alexander™ provides students and teachers with a straight forward, easy to follow blueprint for continual improvement.
It’s a self-healing process that uses Inhibition & self-observation to create a gap between stimulus and response that allows our native movement intelligence to preempt our habits of movement while reinforcing the neural pathways that lead to better Use right now and in the future
In that gap, our native movement intelligence can preempt our habitual way of moving while it reinforces the neural pathways that lead to better Use now and in the future.
“You can do what I do
if you’ll do what I did”
In this course you will learn how to become aware of and then subsequently untie the psycho-physical knots that limit your effectiveness as practitioner and teacher of the Alexander Technique.
With an assortment of new tools and objective feedback from me and the other members of this course you’ll be able to enhance and refine your teaching much more quickly, assuredly and easily than you can on your own.
Here’s what we’ll be covering:
- TheTeachers12™(The 12 Etudes teachers do daily)
- 10 Week Game Plan For Teaching TheStudentEtudes™
- Blueprint for a 45 minute, one on one first lesson
- Intro to SubtleMovementEmpathy™ (Observation)
- Intro to VoiceTouch™ (Using your voice to induce improvement)
- Intro to HiveMindfulness™(Teaching groups online)
- Intro to ConstructiveConversing™(Verbal teaching strategies)
- Intro to MeansWherebyMarketing™ (Building a following online)
The HandsFree Teaching skills you will acquire will enable you to teach authentic and powerful Alexander Technique lessons in situations where hands-on guidance is either not optimal or, in some cases, not even possible.
The bottom line is that you’ll discover an elegantly simpler way to “stick to principle” and “Think in Activity”. And you’ll do both more fully and more often in your teaching and in your daily life so that you can more deeply enjoy and share Alexander’s wonderful work with the world.
The Course In a Nutshell
“How To Really Teach A.T. Online”
Is a 12 Week Training For Alexander Teachers
August 18th – November 7th
Class Meets Twice a Week
Tuesday @ 12PM
Saturday @ 3PM
Eastern U.S. Timezone.
Very active for posting questions,
assignments and getting
my feedback via video.
Classes are 2 Hours Long
Each class begins with the études & ends with me teaching 2 or 3,
one on one mini-lessons.
During the run of the course everyone will receive at least 3
One on One Mini-Lessons
Every Class is Recorded
Recordings are available same
day & can be accessed for 1
month after the course ends.
Group Teaching Practice
We’ll be using Zoom’s breakout room feature for a ton of teaching practice and discussion.
“Mio’s approach is simply the most direct,
clear & global one I’ve come across.”
Save more than $100 by paying upfront
- Facilitate ease through words, voice tone & presence alone
- Learn the secret to Seeing with Your Whole Self
- Be able to offer your teaching worldwide
Save My Place!
Class Size Limited to 30
Paid at the start of Week 1, Week 5 & Week 9
- Facilitate ease through words, voice tone & presence alone
- Learn the secrets to seeing with your whole self
- Be able to offer your teaching worldwide
Save My Place!
Class Size Limited to 30
$100 Early Bird Discount If You Register By August 7th at Midnight
(Discount Only Available For Single Pay)
Days Hours Minutes Seconds
The Q & A
The last time I gave this course was this past Winter and it went really well. After it was over, I sent out a questionnaire to the attendees asking a bunch questions in order to get a sense of what they had gotten out of the time we had just spent together. Below are some of the questions I asked & a bunch of their answers. Use the left & right arrows to access more responses.
1. What changes have you noticed in
yourself as a result of the course?
New Focus on Ease… Read More
The new focus on facilitating ease on the spot, whatever I do wherever I am is always so delightful and so empowering. I am more myself in certain situations and after 20 years of AT and I worked all these years quite regular, I now have a mental working tool to speak ‘when I am ready to speak’ Can’t believe what took me so long . Hahaha Thank you for that especially.
Staying w/ myself… Read More
There are so many! One is my trust in myself. My observation has improved greatly. Noticing what happens in me as I see another person or as I see a movement has helped me to be more responsive to my students. Staying with myself is improving. I would also say being with stressful situations in a new way gave me a new tools to be with uncomfortable feelings and to trust the place I am meeting in myself. I’ve also noticed an overall softness and clearer expression of myself.
Life-Long Learning Tool Read More
Gosh, where do I start?! It has changed and opened up my thinking in all sorts of ways. The reason I have always loved and been passionate about AT is because it is a life-long learning tool, and I’m always amazed and delighted by how my thinking can be challenged, changed and opened out – I just didn’t expect this from online work.
Recognize Habit More Read More
I recognize habit more and am able to affect a change in my thinking. It has been very pleasant.
Greater Ability To Recognize End-Gaining Read More
Changes in thinking that affect use. Changes in use that affect sensitivity; Greater capacity to recognize and accept unusual sensory experience. A decrease but not a cessation, of the desire to “fix things that are wrong” Greater ability to recognize end-gaining. Greater confidence in my agency as a teacher.
Allowing Rather Than ‘Doing’ Read More
There have been so many changes! More sensitivity to what’s happening in myself, mentally and physically – ‘allowing’ rather than ‘doing’ in my thinking which has led to loads of emotional and physical changes. Accessing a deeper consciousness.
I’m Picking Up More Subtle Things… Read More
I’ve noticed that I am picking up more subtle things that my students are doing to themselves than I could at the beginning of the course. I’ve also noticed that I am not getting stuck in feeling as much as I was at the beginning of the course. My constructive thinking seems to be much clearer with less internal dialogue going along with it.
Sciatic Pain Has All But Disappeared… Read More
More awareness, increased sensitivity, my sciatic pain has all but disappeared
More Confident To Offer Online Sessions… Read More
After my Etude practice I always feel softer and less held just as I do after a lesson with a good AT teacher. Also, I feel so much more confident to offer online sessions
Easier To Access Ease… Read More
I generally feel calmer, less reactive, and more objectively observant of myself and others.
I find it much ‘easier’ to access ease through Primal Alexander than through traditional ordering/directing.
2. How has Primal Alexander™ affected
the way you work on yourself?
A Far More Subtle Way… Read More
PrimalAlexander™ has changed how I work on myself in that I had – ironically – got into endgaining habits with my own Inhibition and Direction. I think I had got into a habit of trying to ‘ram’ the primary directions rather than engage with the nervous system in a far more subtle, indirect (sometimes infuriatingly elusive – good old endgaining!) and effective way.
A Clearer Way of Observing… Read More
I feel like I have found a new way in to “staying with myself” and my awareness both as a teacher, an actor and mover. It has given me a much clearer way of observing myself.
Listen… Read More
It gives me a good structured way of working on myself and to listen to the respond of my nervous system.
A Relaxed Attentive State Read More
I love most the fact that I do not have to follow a body map! PrimalAlexander™ puts me in a relaxed, attentive state where I am looking forward to receiving feedback from all sorts of places rather than commanding my neck to be free for my head to… I observed some time ago that I was “helping” my neck to be free but I didn´t know what to do about that.
Kindness Read More
It’s been very helpful because I can feel the kindness in the Etudes and I can feel the self care when I do them. It’s allowed me to be more patient with myself and not hard on myself in general.
So Much Benefit Read More
I find it easier to practice the Etudes than I did more general AT work especially semi-supine because I am so clear about what I need to do and because I get so much benefit from them
Simpler Read More
It has made it simpler. PA is the scaffolding (your good word) from which I can easily direct my attention back to what just happened. It is consistent and simple to do.
Questions Over Directions Read More
Questioning and experimenting, exploring has replaced ordering and traditional AT directing. I love the etudes – offering surprises every time.
Practice Read More
I treat it more as I would practicing an instrument. Incremental progress each day, specific things to work on.
Light-Hearted Read More
I love love love that in Primal Alexander
“Direction” is actually a question! My work with myself is more light-hearted, kind and open-ended.
3. What Changes Have Your Students Noticed?
TheCyCle™ Read More
They’re all doing the CyCle every day – they’re noticing their breathing changing, their backs widening and ‘tingling’ through their necks and spines. One student who’d had a stroke reported that she found when reaching into a high cupboard she was doing Taj Mahal. Another that Big Ben had improved her balance. Another student said she had begun to see the flowers and trees when she took the dog for a walk.
Singing Read More
A student new to the AT – when doing WEDISABE: lengthening and a new uprightness – puts more awareness on daily activities with use of arms – easier walking the dog – a singing teacher: using learned techniques like WEDISABE on own students with remarkable success student familiar with AT work – found lots of unknown places with unnecessary tension – puts more awareness on daily activities with use of arms – calmer and more relaxed
Improved Walking Read More
The aim of the two with no A.T. experience was to improve there walking. Using your methods has made them more sensitive to their habitual habits when walking. It has given them the ability to realise that rather than trying to change to another way of walking, if they don’t concentrate on the discomfort but look for ease instead, it affects the “whole” and improves their gait and in their words “makes them more relaxed” when walking with less pain.
Notice More Things About Themselves Read More
Find themselves using it during the day and during moments of anxiety. Beginning to notice things about themselves they never did before. A sense of calmness.
Lighter Read More
The ones who have been practicing say they are feeling lighter and easier in their activities. Their frame of mind feels better. They are using less effort. They have more energy. They have clearer boundaries in their life. A connection to their body in a new way. Feeling like they have choices.
Clarity of Tought Read More
Increased sensitivity. Ability to help themselves. A more complete sense of themselves reduced tension. Wider attention. Clarity of thought when under pressure.
Tools To Experiment Read More
That they can observe themselves and be more kind to themselves. They have tools to experiment and grow that are all their own. Many have said how good they feel and as though they are awash with ease.
Thinking About Ease Read More
They have reported finding a huge difference between thinking about tension vs. ease, and they find this concept easy to incorporate into their lives.
More Stamina Read More
Less neurological disruption in people who have those disorders, greater calm, more creativity, less pain or no pain from repetitive stress injuries, more physical stamina to play, sing, and practice
Inspiring Read More
More focus , happier , more freedom , clearer thinking , pain lifting , inspiring
4. In what way has Primal Alexander added to
your understanding of Alexander’s discoveries?
The Freedom of Choice That Emerges Read More
The essential business of non interference. The freedom of choice that emerges from directing attention as opposed to “doing” directions. The Glimpses of experience of the resistance caused by habit dropping away to release movement… The renewal of each zero/moment being a new event rather than a sustained “something“
Clear Tools Read More
To have clear clear tools to work with oneself in true experimental ways, which are fascinating and ever so interesting.
A Step in The Right Direction Read More
In a way, Primal Alexander has really saved me as an AT teacher. Primal Alexander brought me so much closer to FM’s process.He connected visual perceptions with kinesthetic ones over many years. He did not receive a series of hands on lessons and then try and recreate what someone else helped him feel. All that to say I think Primal Alexander is a step in the right direction.
Just This One Question Read More
I learned more about the thinking process, the constructive thinking in a deeper way. It is so stripped down by asking just this one question. It makes it in a way easier to look more closely to what’s happening in oneself.
Experimenting Read More
It really brings home the idea of experimenting. It makes inhibition something we can practice “in movement” in a very practical and fun way. And the emphasis on questions keeps the awareness spinning rather than settling.
A More ‘humanly’ Way… Read More
In theory nothing – in reality everything! Although I knew intellectually that AT is not about posture, I still thought and worked with mostly postural directives, support reflexes, bones, muscles, fascia, tendons, a human sized skeleton in my room… During the course I was able to change my thinking to a more humanly way rather than jumping to conclusions on how to fix him/her or feeling helpless when no immediate “cure” comes up in my head!
More Connected Read More
Primal Alexander is closer to the experimental approach that FM used, so I somehow feel more connected to FM himself when I work this way. 1 response
I now have a much more accessible way of working with myself, and helping my students to work with themselves.
The Powerful Simplicity of It… Read More
It has brought back the sense of adventure and curiosity, the questioning – allowing the nervous system to do what it has to do – it’s always to do with the whole ‘self’. This open-ended question. The powerful simplicity of it.
The Missing Piece Read More
The missing piece for me was the capability to generate ease simply and reliably with a thought.
Primary Control Read More
I’m finding out just how primary Primary Control REALLY is.
5. What Has Surprised You The
Most About The Course
Expansion Read More
How this regular, systematic training of my conscious thinking isn’t limiting – instead it provides a framework from where expansion of conscious thinking is enabled.
Hidden Treasure Read More
The sheer magnitude of transformation the course had on me and the hidden treasures of your simple movement exercises!!!
Different Hands Read More
I’ve noticed just this week that my hands feel completely different. I sometimes idly practise TheCycle part 2 when I’m sitting watching telly and I think this has had a profound effect without me realising!
Sharpened Perceptions Read More
I did not expect my visual perceptions to sharpen as they did. I didn’t really try that hard for my perceptions to shift, they just did because we were focusing on that in the class.
More Powerful & Empowering Read More
How truly effective this approach is – and yet it’s so simple. I think it is in many ways more powerful and empowering than ‘classical’ teaching.
Truly Communicate Read More
That the coaching Club is so much more than learning to teach online; that you can truly communicate with and sense another’s presence online.
No Mapping Read More
That I did not have to address body mapping in myself or others to discover more space and ease.
Classical + Read More
That it has a lot of positive effects on my normal classical teaching
Improved Read More
How much I improved as a teacher over the course of three months.
YAY! Read More
Same classic principles – just ‘working’ or receiving from a different place inside!
6. What, if anything, do you think Primal Alexander adds to the
lexicon of Alexander Technique teaching in general?
Responsibility Read More
I´d say it IS THE WAY to teach AT. It puts the responsibility directly where it belongs: on the student.
How To Look After Yourself Read More
I think it’s a fantastic tool for teaching people how to look after themselves without relying on a teacher’s hands ‘fixing them’, as mentioned above. As the crux of AT is self/Self discovery, PA really enables people to THINK for themselves.
The Etudes Read More
For me Primal Alexander has set AT Apart from other bodywork mindful practices like yoga precisely because of the founding of these ‘etudes’
Exploring Alexander’s Principles Read More
The notion that students can begin immediately to explore Alexander’s Principles and derive benefit from them that is clear, simple and within their capability.
Simpler Read More
I think it’s a simpler and more experimental approach and gives the student more independence from the teacher without sacrificing the essence of the work.
Playful Read More
It takes it out of the realm of right and wrong. It’s more fun to teach, freer, lighter, playful, curious, wonder.
The Use of The Self Read More
Primal Alexander gives a clear and specific way of experiencing and practicing the process that FM Alexander describes in The Use of the Self, namely, how to pause in the face of a stimulus, direct myself, and move with constructive thinking.
The Origins of A.T. Read More
It takes you back to the origins of AT – and brings you into a deeper consciousness.
Legitimate Read More
It offers a completely legitimate and in depth way to explore the work.
Ingenious Read More
An ingenious take on the Technique.
7. If you were writing an “Amazon style” review of the
course, how many stars (out of 5) would you
give it and what might you say about it?
Toolkit Read More
5 Stars… A fantastic course – teaching the Primal Alexander approach to the Alexander Technique and offering a toolkit of skills. Inspiring and challenging – this course meets all expectations.
Fundamental Read More
5 stars…I would highly recommend this course to any teacher wishing to improve and enrich their Use/teaching using the fundamental principles that FM used when evolving the Alexander Technique.
Trusted The Process Read More
5 Stars…Mio was very dedicated in teaching this work and that kept me going. I trusted the process because he was credible in the way he presented the material and responded to the questions of us students. I really appreciated his presence and how he guided us in the process.
User Friendly Read More
5 Stars…This course has a very well packed array of tools for teaching and a user friendly collection of practical applications. … experiential for both teacher and student. Being experimental it is a win win environment in which to study and learn.
Useful Read More
5 Stars…One of the most useful courses I have done in the last many years and I am doing quite regular training ..
Upside Down Read More
5 stars…Your mind will go upside down as it is a very different Alexander Technique approach but totally worth it! I was wondering how to teach the Alexander Technique in a more simple way and I found the way! Simple and very effective method. Highly recommended!
Unbelievable Read More
5 stars…This approach must be experienced to be believed.
Online & Off Read More
5 Stars…It is remarkable how much Mio’s etudes and questions demystify the process of Alexander’s awareness and inhibition in movement and activity. It is an incredible course if you are teaching online but also will add so much to your understanding that your, skills live and hands-on, will multiply.
A New Consciousness Read More
5 Stars…Excellent class. Renewed my awareness of my AT learning of the past. Gave me “fresh” eyes for noticing myself. I find myself moving through my day with a new consciousness.
Wake Up Read More
5 stars…Wake up your inner curiosity to effect change ! ( I think I might like to keep this one for myself, Mio!)
“I am not going to teach you what is right.
I will help you find out what is
causing you to be wrong.”
of a Technique
If you’ve managed to get this far, the odds are that you probably have a pretty good idea about what’s on offer here.
In early March, when the Corona virus crisis became inescapable, so did the need for our community to at least take at hands-free teaching.
More than 700 Alexander teachers showed up for the workshops we taught those three weekends and it was wonderful being able to share some of the things I’ve been exploring.
Now, just a few months later, lots more people are both teaching online and training teachers to teach online which is great thing for our community, for the world and for the work itself.
While it’s certainly true that after taking this 12 Week introduction to PrimalAlexander™ you’ll be better able to adapt what you already know about teaching Alexander’s work to possibilities and limitations of this new medium, the real value of what you’ll be learning, I think, goes way deeper than that.
On the personal side, you will have in your possession a brand new set of tools that you can use to literally follow in Alexander’s footsteps. Your increasingly acute self-observational ability when combined with a deepening commitment to change through experimentation will greatly speed the improvement of your own Use of yourself.
On the teaching side, all the wonderful work you’ll be doing on yourself will infuse your lessons with new insights and a new spooky sensitivity.
You’ll be able to use your deepening empathy and clarity to help your students to first uncover and then untie their habitual psycho-physical knots on their own.
“How To Really Teach A.T. Online” is more than just a few activity tricks that you can do with your students online until this Corona virus cloud lifts.
It is a first look at a rich, robust and nuanced new angle on the groundbreaking science that Alexander invented more than a century ago in order to save the career he loved so deeply.
It’s also an invitation to become part of a lively international community of like-minded learners that continues to expand…
It’s an additional means whereby your personal growth can instantly become the gift of transformation for your students and anyone you come in contact with…
Finally, for anyone who loves this work, it’s another way to utilize and share the many amazing treasures that that constitute The Alexander Technique at a time when the World just might need them more than ever.
Thank you for your attention. I hope you decide to join us in class!